I bet that you have had this type of problem more than once, and if it can be very painful and even uncomfortable on many occasions, since hemorrhoids are veins that are on the part of the anus and due to lack of circulation or problems.
Constipation can come out, there can actually be several causes that can cause hemorrhoids to come out such as being sedentary for a long time or spending many hours standing, also people over 50 years of age it is common for this type of condition to occur. best tips to prevent the appearance of hemorrhoids.
How to prevent the appearance of hemorrhoids?
Gradually increase the amount of fiber in your diet. This is the best possible prevention. one of the causes is constipation and eating foods rich in fiber facilitates the work of evacuation. Fruits and vegetables, cereals, and whole grain breads are excellent sources of fiber. It is preferable to gradually integrate them into the diet. The fibers soften the stool and increase its volume, which facilitates its smooth expulsion. You have to be patient: the improvement occurs in a few weeks.
Drink enough water and other fluids throughout the day.
Take the time to eat in the morning. The intestine has the reflex to empty after meals, especially after breakfast.
Regular physical exercise
A walk of about twenty minutes a day at a good pace can stimulate intestinal transit.
It does not sit for many hours. If you can’t help it, get up every now and then for 1 to 2 minutes.
Have a regular bowel movement. Do not delay defecation time if the need arises. The longer you wait, the drier and harder the stool becomes. When defecating, avoid straining by holding your breath.
Don’t sit on the toilet seat any longer than necessary (avoid reading there). Many people go to the bathroom and use the telephone a lot while evacuating and this is a serious mistake since, in this position, the muscles of the anus relax, causing a rush of blood.
If necessary, take fiber supplements, such as psyllium (Metamucil, Fibropur, Prodiem, etc.) or other types of fiber (Fibramax). They are available without a prescription in pharmacies. They can be taken long term without any problem. Make sure you drink a lot to avoid digestive tract obstruction.
Avoid taking other types of laxatives other than fiber supplements.
The different treatments
Most of the time, hemorrhoids are easy to treat, with some home care.
To regulate intestinal transit, doctors suggest, above all, respecting the hygiene rules and life habits described in the Prevention section.
To relieve the itching, you can use an over-the-counter product: ointment, cream, or suppository. Most of these products contain hydrocortisone or benzocaine. The specialty products sold under the name Preparation H do not contain hydrocortisone or benzocaine, but rather shark liver oil. These products have little effect against pain.
If the pain is bothersome or severe, it can be relieved with a pain reliever you take by mouth, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol). A topical pain reliever (applied topically) can also be used. Some are available without a prescription. This is the case, for example, of lidocaine-based anesthetic preparations. You can also get a prescription ointment that contains nitroglycerin or nifedipine, which relieves pain by reducing pressure on your veins.
Tips for emergency treatment of external hemorrhoids
Acute pain caused by thrombosed external hemorrhoids (in which a blood clot has formed) can be relieved by surgery, under local anesthesia. A small area of skin is removed around the anus, including the affected veins. This reduces the risk of recurrence. Not many people use it because the other solutions are usually effective.
The procedure must be performed within 72 hours of the onset of symptoms. Thereafter, the discomfort caused by the surgery may outweigh the relief it provides. It is practiced in some clinics and in hospital emergency rooms.
Tips for treating internal hemorrhoids
If symptoms persist and impair quality of life, any of the following interventions may be considered.
- Elastic ligature. This effective technique is the most widely used, but it is not suitable for all cases. With a ligation device, a small elastic band is placed at the base of the dilated vein (see diagram). Thus, blood circulation is blocked – the hemorrhoid shrinks, and then ruptures. There may be slight bleeding 2 to 4 days after the procedure when the elastic band falls off. There may be complications (pain, formation of other hemorrhoids, infection, etc.), but they are rare.
- Coagulation: Hemorrhoids can also be removed with heat, directing infrared rays at the base of the vein that creates the bulge. The blood stops flowing and the vein contracts. The same effect can be achieved using an electric current.
- Sclerosing treatment or sclerotherapy:Injecting a chemical into the base of the hemorrhoid will cause it to harden and then retract (see diagram).
- Hemorrhoidectomy: Doctors generally perform this surgery only when hemorrhoids are large or when other possible treatments have not worked. Performed under general or epidural anesthesia, it consists of removing, with a scalpel, part of the tissue where the hemorrhoids are located. This method is more drastic than the previous ones and reduces the risk of recurrence, but requires a longer recovery.
Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
As we know during pregnancy, a woman’s body changes a lot. This causes some minor but nasty problems. They are usually not serious, but can significantly disrupt daily life. This is mainly due to the fact that from the sixth month of pregnancy the uterus is large enough to compress the veins in the abdomen.
Blood circulation is completely reversed and varicose veins and hemorrhoids soon show the nose. A study shows that in 48% of cases, pregnancy reveals hemorrhoidal pathology. As for its frequency, it varies enormously from one woman to another, but we are talking about at least a third of future mothers who would be affected during their pregnancy.
Obviously, your baby is in no danger, but the irritation, itching, minor bleeding, and pain associated with hemorrhoid attacks aren’t exactly pleasant. Drinking plenty of water, eating fiber, and fruits are simple preventive measures that can be taken during pregnancy.
It is important to promote good lifestyle habits to avoid constipation. In fact, constipation is the main factor involved and this would affect almost one in two pregnant women and this not to mention the fact that many of them have to take an iron supplement, which further increases the risk of constipation. The second factor involved, venous return, is less good when you are pregnant because uterine volume increases and hormones also play a role. And lastly, if you have a family history of hemorrhoids, your chances of escaping are slim. Do not panic, there are also prescribed treatments from the second trimester of pregnancy.
Treatment for hemorrhoids in pregnant women
We often believe that there is no solution when we are pregnant. Suffering in silence is not at all the attitude to adopt. In all cases, consult your doctor or ask your pharmacist for advice because, during pregnancy, you should never take any medicine without medical advice. They will be able to advise you on local treatments that will provide timely relief and even certain venotonics perfectly adapted to the hemorrhoidal crisis. Good news: these drugs are not contraindicated during pregnancy, especially after the first trimester. The studies that refer to the micronized flavonoid fractions have demonstrated their harmlessness, but also their great efficacy in prevention and in crisis.
Local treatments will allow you to act in two ways: they have an analgesic effect and reduce pain, and an anti-inflammatory effect (they reduce inflammation due to hemorrhoids). For their part, the venotonics that your doctor will prescribe will also act on inflammation, and to tone venous circulation, they should be used preferably from the second trimester.
How to prevent hemorrhoids during pregnancy
A diet rich in fiber can avoid certain problems such as hemorrhoids. Take advantage of your pregnancy to stock up on fruits and vegetables and above all drink plenty of water, the only essential drink for your body.
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